The NeurologyLive® Insomnia Disease Spotlight page offers specific updates and coverage on the latest expert conversations and data readouts related to the treatment and management of patients with the disorder of sleepiness.
Phase 3 Study Aims to Confirm Benefit of Dual Orexin–Receptor Antagonist TS-142 in Insomnia
After showing promise in a phase 2 assessment, Taisho Pharmaceutical’s TS-142 will be assessed in a long-term study of 300 patients with the sleeping disorder.
Short Sleep Duration, Poor Sleep Quality Both Associated With Weight Regain in Obese Individuals
Short objective sleep duration was associated with weight regain and attenuated improvements in body composition one year after weight loss, independent of intervention allocation, age, and sex.
The Relationship Between Sleep Disorders, Pediatric Epilepsy, and AntiSeizure Medications: Sanjeev Kothare, MD
The division director of pediatric neurology, and director of the pediatric sleep program at Cohen Children's Medical Center of Northwell Health, spoke about the association between sleep disorders and pediatric epilepsy at the 2022 AES annual meeting. [WATCH TIME: 3 minutes]
Exposure to Low Concentration Carbon Dioxide Before Bedtime Improves Sleep Time
Findings from a recent randomized study demonstrated effective sleep maintenance of insomnia, as shown by increased sleep time and reduced awakenings, with low concentration of carbon dixoide.
Increased Risk of Insomnia in Transgender Youths With Mental Health Disorders: Ronald Gavidia, MD, MS
The clinical assistant professor in the division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Neurology, University of Michigan spoke about the associations of mental health with insomnia in transgender youth. [WATCH TIME: 5 minutes]
High Risk of Sleep Disorder Burden in Transgender Youth: Ronald Gavidia, MD, MS
The clinical assistant professor in the division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, spoke about sleep disorders associated with transgender youths. [WATCH TIME: 4 minutes]
Educational Videos Improve CPAP Adherence in Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Although the effects of the educational intervention weren’t seen at 3 months, investigators noticed significant differences relative to standard of care at 12 months.
Phenotypes of Chronic Insomnia in Early Childhood Proposed to Improve Identification
A recent review suggests that children might be affected by specific types of insomnia and that their treatment should be more suitable to their classified insomnia phenotype.
Sunobinop Demonstrates Positive Findings in Reducing Wake Time After Falling Asleep
A recent phase 2 study showed a significant decline in wakefulness after sleep onset across both doses of sunobinop for individuals with insomnia recovery from alcohol use disorder.
Need for Increased Multidisciplinary Study of Newborn and Infant Sleep in Epilepsy: Renee Shellhaas, MD, MS, FAES
The professor of neurology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis spoke about the field of newborn sleep and epilepsy based on a special lecture from the 2022 AES annual meeting. [WATCH TIME: 3 minutes]
Behavioral Treatment for Insomnia Shows Short-Term Potential to Improve Trauma-Related Nightmares
More than half of the patients who reported at least 1 trauma-related nightmare showed decreases after starting brief behavioral treatment.
More Awareness Needed for Sleep Health and Pediatric Epilepsy: Renee Shellhaas, MD, MS, FAES
The professor of neurology at Washington University in St. Louis, spoke about sleep-wake patterns in epilepsy based on a special lecture from the 2022 AES Annual meeting. [WATCH TIME: 6 minutes]
Insomnia Increases Risk of Subjective Memory Decline in Middle-Aged and Older Adults
Results from a longitudinal study suggest that higher proportions of subjective memory decline are associated with insomnia disorder in middle-aged and older adults.
Music-Based Application to Improve Insomnia in Patients With Dementia and Their Caregivers: Darina Petrovsky, PhD, RN
The assistant professor, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, offers an overview on her ongoing lab project about a music-based intervention to improve insomnia in dementia and caregivers. [WATCH TIME: 3 minutes]
Insomnia Diagnosis During Pregnancy Increased in the United States, Analysis Shows
A recent cross-sectional analysis showed an increase in coded diagnoses of insomnia during pregnancy in the United States over time.
NeurologyLive® Brain Games: November 27, 2022
Test your neurology knowledge with NeurologyLive®'s weekly quiz series, featuring questions on a variety of clinical and historical neurology topics. This week's topic is sleep disorders.
Digital Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Significantly Improves Insomnia Symptoms
Nearly 40% of patients treated with CBT-I met the Athens Insomnia Score criteria for remission after 8 weeks of treatment compared with slightly above 10% of those on sham.
Shorter Sleep Duration Associated with Poor Executive Functions in Adolescents, Not Insomnia Symptoms
A sleep study on adolescents and their insomnia symptoms showed that those with a shorter sleep duration experienced deficient executive functions in daily life.
Insufficient Methodological Aspects Identified in Review of Hypnotherapy for Insomnia
A narrative review highlights the lack of methodological elements of hypnosis therapy research ranging from case studies to randomized trials.
Preferred Medication and Behavioral Treatment Strategies Identified in Primary Care Patients With Insomnia
Findings from a study on primary care patients with insomnia suggest there are patient preferences for behavioral and medication treatment strategies for sleep health.
Music Displays Benefit as a Nonpharmacological Intervention for Improving Sleep in Insomnia
In a meta-analyses review of 10 trials, findings revealed a beneficial effect of listening to music to improve sleep quality for adults with insomnia.
Insomnia-Related Symptoms Possibly Linked to Frequency of Alcohol and Cannabis Use in Late Adolescence
A longitudinal study showed that there were higher levels of alcohol and cannabis use in late adolescent stages who had poor sleep health.
Inadequate Sleep Related to Neurocognitive Difficulties for Children with Insomnia
Fan Nils Yang, PhD, postdoctoral researcher, University of Maryland, provides greater detail on the observational cohort study he did with colleagues, where they identified a link between neurocognitive function in children and insomnia.
Melatonin Treatment Approved by MHRA for Children With ADHD and Sleep Onset Insomnia
Based on a trial that showed melatonin improved total sleep time in children with ADHD and sleep onset insomnia, Colonis’ Melatonin 1mg/ml Oral Solution was approved by the MHRA in the United Kingdom.
Insufficient Sleep and Insomnia Displays a Relation to Neurocognitive Difficulties in Early Adolescents
In a propensity score matched, longitudinal, observational cohort study, findings showed that there was an association between insomnia and neurocognitive function in children.
Hospital Night Shift Workers Experience Poorer Sleep Quality and Circadian Rhythms
A study conducted via telemonitoring showed that hospital workers who performed night shifts had significant negative impacts on their sleep quality and circadian rhythms.
Presence of Insomnia Symptoms Associated With Alcohol-Related Harm
A survey based on young adult college students indicated that symptoms of insomnia might buffer the association with the acute physiological effects of alcohol, in part because it may heighten the sensitivity to alcohol.
Development of Insomnia Leads to Worsened Middle- and Late-Age Cognition
The odds of having memory worsening at follow-up after 3 years were almost 30% greater for those who exhibited deteriorating insomnia status than those who showed signs of improvement.
COVID-19 Pandemic Related to Significant Increase in Insomnia Symptoms
Data from a systemic review suggests that the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with increased rates of subthreshold insomnia symptoms, but not with moderate or severe insomnia, among the global population.
NeurologyLive® Brain Games: October 9, 2022
Test your neurology knowledge with NeurologyLive®'s weekly quiz series, featuring questions on a variety of clinical and historical neurology topics. This week's topic is insomnia.
Episode 74: Prescription Digital Therapeutics for Insomnia
Mind Moments®, a podcast from NeurologyLive®, brings you an exclusive interview with Yuri Maricich, MD, MBA. [LISTEN TIME: 30 minutes]
Nonpharmacologic Interventions Improve Sleep Time in Hospitalized Patients
Findings from a nonrandomized controlled trial in the Netherlands suggest that sleep time of hospitalized patients may be significantly improved with nonpharmacologic interventions such as the postponement of morning vital sign checks and medication administration rounds from the night to the day shift.
Night-Time Only Apomorphine Infusion Shows Benefit to Treating Parkinson Disease Insomnia
Sleep changes experienced by patients on apomorphine infusion were indicated by scores on Insomnia Severity Index and Clinical Global Impression-Improvement Scale.
Electroacupuncture for Insomnia Significantly Improves Quality of Sleep in Patients With Depression
In a randomized clinical trial, the application of electroacupuncture treatment for insomnia in patients with depression significantly improved the quality of sleep in comparison with sham acupuncture or the control group.
State of Insomnia Care and Overcoming Inconsistencies in the Traditional Care Strategies
Ashgan Elshinawy, DO, a pulmonologist at Penn Medicine, assessed the current ways to treat patients with insomnia and the areas of needed improvement.
Overcoming Difficulties in the Care Paradigm for Insomnia: Ashgan Elshinawy, DO
The pulmonologist at Penn Medicine provided commentary on the pressing issues clinicians continue to face when treating patients with insomnia. [WATCH TIME: 3 minutes]
Acupuncture Proves Effective as Method to Improve Sleep Quality for Post-Stroke Insomnia
In a randomized controlled trial, results demonstrated that acupuncture is to be efficacious in improving insomnia, quality of life, and affective symptoms for patients with ischemic stroke.
State of Insomnia Care and Current Effective Treatment Strategies: Ashgan Elshinawy, DO
The pulmonologist at Penn Medicine provided an evaluation on whether patients with insomnia receive optimal care, and which treatments have proven to be most effective. [WATCH TIME: 3 minutes]
The Potential and Limitations of AI Algorithms in Sleep Care: Anuja Bandyopadhyay, MD
The assistant professor of clinical pediatrics at Indiana University School of Medicine, and the chair of the AASM’s Artificial Intelligence in Sleep Medicine Committee, spoke about the ability of AI algorithms as tools in clinical care. [WATCH TIME: 3 minutes]
NeurologyLive® Friday 5 — September 9, 2022
Take 5 minutes to catch up on NeurologyLive®'s highlights from the week ending September 9, 2022.
Insomnia Alone Linked to Worsened Symptoms and Impairments Than OSA Alone in Military Personnel
Similarly, the prospective observational data of active duty military individuals showed that comorbid obstructive sleep apnea and insomnia resulted in worsened symptoms and sleep-related impairments.
AI’s Potential to Help Improve Insomnia Care: Anuja Bandyopadhyay, MD
The assistant professor of clinical pediatrics at Indiana University School of Medicine, and the chair of the AASM’s Artificial Intelligence in Sleep Medicine Committee, discussed the potential of AI to progress care paradigms in insomnia. [WATCH TIME: 2 minutes]
Impact of Technology, Screen Time on Sleep in Children, Adolescents: Jodi A. Mindell, PhD
The associate director of the Sleep Center at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia provided context on the ever-expanding world of technology and the harmful effects it can have on children’s sleep. [WATCH TIME: 3 minutes]
Impaired Sleep, Subclinical Insomnia More Common During COVID-19 Pandemic
Stringent governmental measures predicted lower global scores on Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, while, albeit to a small extent, less restrictive measures were related to worse subjective sleep quality.
The Need for More Sleep Education in Medicine: Yuri Maricich, MD, MBA
The internal medicine physician and chief medical officer and head of development at Pear Therapeutics offered his perspective on the current focus that is given to sleep in clinical care and the lack of education on interventions. [WATCH TIME: 2 minutes]
The Cumulative Effect of Chronic Insomnia: Yuri Maricich, MD, MBA
The internal medicine physician and chief medical officer and head of development at Pear Therapeutics spoke about the long-term impacts that uncontrolled insomnia can have on patients with chronic disease. [WATCH TIME: 3 minutes]
Combination of PTSD and Insomnia Elevates Risk for Major Cardiovascular Events
Even after adjusting for multiple confounding variables including recognized factors associated with cardiovascular diseases, PTSD plus insomnia remained an independent factor of major adverse cardiovascular events.
Overview of the Prevalence and Variety of Pediatric Sleep Disorders: Carol Rosen, MD
The professor of pediatrics at Case Western University provided insight on the typical sleep issues seen in children and adolescents, and how they impact overall quality of life. [WATCH TIME: 5 minutes]
The Potential of Digital Therapeutics and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia: Yuri Maricich, MD, MBA
The internal medicine physician, and chief medical officer and head of development at Pear Therapeutics discussed the findings of a recent study assessing cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia. [WATCH TIME: 4 minutes]
Pediatric Sleep Disorders: Assessment and Treatment
The long-term consequences of untreated—and prevalent—sleep disorders in children and adolescents point to a need for a focus on this field of care.
Prescribed Hypnotic Medications, Not Insomnia Diagnosis, Cause Increased Risk for Serious Falls
Findings showed that, although risk for serious fall injury was not mitigated by insomnia diagnosis, individuals with active insomnia taking prescribed hypnotic medication may be a particularly high-risk subgroup.
Understanding Individual Risks, Improving Trial Designs for Sleep Disorders in Alzheimer Disease
Ruth Benca, MD, PhD, a professor and the chair of Psychiatry & Human Behavior at Wake Forest School of Medicine, provided insight on the age- and sex-related differences in sleep disorders, and the needed research on the effects of therapeutics in older populations.
Insomnia in Young Adulthood Associated With Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Endothelial Dysfunction
Compared with normal sleepers, those with poor sleep and insomnia showed a significant association with lower flow-mediated disease levels, the most common method to describe endothelial dysfunction.
Insomnia Severity Index Responders Show Additional Benefits From Lemborexant
In subanalyses of ISI responders with chronic insomnia, those in the lemborexant 10-mg group demonstrated significantly greater changes from baseline in sleep onset latency compared with placebo.
IDSIQ Instrument Sensitive to Daytime Changes Experienced in Insomnia
The IDSIQ showed score changes that correlated with clinically meaningful improvement on various responder definition estimates following triangulation.
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