Zolmitriptan Demonstrates Efficacy as Migraine Treatment in Post-Hoc Analysis

February 4, 2021
Marco Meglio
Marco Meglio

Marco Meglio, Associate Editor for NeurologyLive, has been with the team since October 2019. Follow him on Twitter @marcomeglio1 or email him at mmeglio@neurologylive.com

Observation of pain freedom at 30 minutes was more accurate than the observation of relief at 30 minutes in predicting pain freedom at 2 hours.

Zosano Pharma announced that its investigational therapy, zolmitriptan transdermal microneedle system (Qtrypta), demonstrated rapid and robust improvement in the rates of pain relief and pain freedom at 2 hours in patients with migraine during post-hoc retrospective analyses from the previously published ZOTRIP trial (NCT02745392).1

Among a cohort of 82 zolmitriptan-treated subjects, 38 reported pain relief at 30 minutes, and 28 of the 38 subjects (74%) were pain-free at 2 hours. A subset group that included 6 patients treated with the therapy who reported pain freedom at 30 minutes were pain-free at 2 hours. In comparison, 9 of the 26 patients (35%) in the placebo group (n = 77) who reported pain relief at 30 minutes were pain-free at 2 hours. Notably, 1 of the 2 subjects that were pain-free at 30 minutes continued pain freedom at 2 hours.

"We believe Qtrypta shows tremendous potential to become an attractive therapeutic alternative to acutely treat migraines,” Steven Lo, president, chief executive officer, Zosano, said in a statement.

Results from the post-hoc analyses also suggest that the therapeutic gain for pain freedom, instead of pain relief, may be a more reliable end point for evaluating early onset of action. The therapeutic gains at 30 minutes after treatment with zolmitriptan are consistent with recently published criteria for evaluating early onset of action published in Cephalalgia, according to Zosano.

READ MORE: Treating Pediatric Migraine With Nerivio REN Device

The agent is a proprietary formulation of zolmitriptan that is delivered using the company’s ADAM (Adhesive Dermally Applied Microarray) intracutaneous microneedle system, which penetrates the epidermis and dermis and delivers the drug quickly into the bloodstream.

The original data from the double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter phase 2/3 ZOTRIP clinical study were published in February 2017. Investigators in the trial evaluated the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of zolmitriptan in 1-mg, 1.9-mg, and 3.8-mg doses versus placebo.2

At 2 hours postdose, 41.5% of patients in the zolmitriptan 3.8 mg group were pain-free compared to 14.2% of those on placebo at 2 hours (odds ratio [OR], 5.11; 95% CI, 1.96—13.30; P = .0001). Additionally, 68.3% who received zolmitriptan 3.8 mg were free of their most bothersome symptom at 2 hours postdose compared with 42.9% of patients on placebo (OR, 2.86; 95% CI, 1.28—6.43; P = .0009).

The results of the trial led to Zosano filing for a new drug application (NDA) for zolmitriptan in March 2020, with a scheduled Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) date of October 20, 2020. A month prior to the PDUFA date, the FDA issued a discipline review letter (DRL), conveying some preliminary deficiencies the agency highlighted during its review of the application.3

Zosano later announced that October that it had received a complete response letter (CRL) from the FDA for in correlation with the NDA it had submitted. The CRL noted differences in the exposure levels of zolmitriptan observed between subjects who received different lots of the drug in the company’s trials as well as inadequate pharmacokinetic bridging between the lots that made the interpretation of some safety data unclear.4

The company did not comment on the status of the NDA, or when it expects to hear a response back from the FDA.

REFERENCES
1. Zosano Pharma presents early-onset of action data for Qtrypta in acute treatment of migraines. News release. Zosano Pharma. February 1, 2021. Accessed February 2, 2021. https://www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2021/02/01/2167325/0/en/Zosano-Pharma-Presents-Early-Onset-of-Action-Data-for-Qtrypta-in-Acute-Treatment-of-Migraines.html
2. Spierings EL, Brandes JL, Kudrow DB, et al. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multi-center study of the safety and efficacy of ADAM zolmitriptan for the acute treatment of migraine. Cephalalgia. 2018;38(2):215-224. doi: 10.1177/0333102417737765
3. Zosano Pharma announces FDA acceptance of 505 (b)(2) new drug application for Qtrypta for the acute treatment of migraine. News release. Zosano. March 4, 2020. Accessed February 2, 2021. finance.yahoo.com/news/zosano-pharma-announces-fda-acceptance-130010898.html
4. Zosano Pharma receives complete response letter from the FDA for Qtrypta. News release. Zosano Pharma. October 21, 2020. Accessed February 2, 2021. https://ir.zosanopharma.com/news-releases/news-release-details/zosano-pharma-receives-complete-response-letter-fda-qtryptatm